The Role Of Hormones In Weight Loss Or Weight Management
Balancing out hormones is very important to weight loss and management, but it has not been a focus point like calories or exercise. Now, as we are beginning to see how much hormones influences our weight, there is a lot more information coming out about it. When hormones are not working properly, they can make weight loss or weight management extremely difficult.
It is important to note that this article is not talking hormone diets that require you to restrict calories and inject hormones into yourself. Instead, it is talking about balancing out your natural hormones that affect your metabolism, digestive system, and hunger, much like the Trouble Spot Nutrition program focuses on. In fact, when you restrict calories, your hormones can be affected in a negative way and weight loss and management can become even harder.
There are many hormones that need to be working properly for weight loss or weight management to occur. Following are a few of them.
As anyone with hypothyroidism will tell you, weight loss can be a challenge when your thyroid hormones are not working properly. The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck, and it makes hormones that are responsible for helping the metabolism work properly.
When the thyroid is not producing enough hormones, the metabolism is slowed down and this makes it harder to lose weight or maintain a certain weight. Often people with hypothyroidism gain weight without a change in lifestyle.
There are two main hormones in the body that play a big part in regulating hunger. If they are not working properly, it can become hard to avoid overeating and make weight loss or weight management extremely hard and stressful.
Ghrelin is a hormone that is secreted when the stomach is empty, signalling hunger. As you eat, the stomach stretches out and the secretion stops.
Leptin is secreted when the body has had enough food and the amount of fat being stored has reached a certain level. The hormone suppresses appetite by sending out a signal of being full.
When levels of ghrelin are out of balance and increase, you become hungrier. Moreover, if the body become leptin resistant, it can stop receiving the messages of fullness and, therefore, lead to overeating. Combined, this can make it almost impossible to lose weight or maintain weight.
Glucose Regulation Hormone
Insulin helps to maintain normal blood sugar levels. It helps your body absorb sugar into the cells and use it for energy or store it for later use. There are several reasons that insulin issues can occur, including use of certain medications, obesity, stress, and inactivity.
Without proper insulin function, sugar cannot go into the cells to be used for energy and it stays in the blood. Your metabolism can slow down and your body can start to store fat.
“…keeping your blood glucose level in check (i.e., below 110 mg/dl) will cause your body to consistently burn more stored fat.” – Breaking Muscle
Normally cortisol is released at different levels throughout the day, and it is important for fat and carbohydrate metabolism. It also stimulates insulin to be released, which helps to maintain blood sugar levels.
When you are stressed, cortisol is made. A rise in cortisol that lasts for long periods of time affects the entire body in a negative way and has a huge effect on hunger. For instance, when blood sugar levels stay high for too long, insulin resistance can occur, which means blood sugar doesn’t get cleared out effectively, and that can have a negative impact on weight loss.